Oral Biology

Oral Biology

The course introduces the student to the histology, embryology, biochemistry and ultra structure of the oral tissues and structures. The age changes of hard dental tissues and the mechanisms of organic matrix formation and mineralization of hard dental structures are stressed.

Oral Medicine, Periodontology, Oral & Radiographic Diagnosis

The course aims at establishing didactic information, knowledge and skills necessary for effectively diagnosing and non-surgically treating patients suffering from systemic and/or other local diseases affecting the oral and the head and neck regions. The course also introduces students to the importance of periodontics as a dental discipline.

Oral Pathology

This is a comprehensive course on oral and para-oral lesions and diseases. It deals with the etiology, pathogenesis, incidence, clinical, radiographic and histopathological aspects and prognosis of such lesions. It also touches on the management of such lesions where relevant.

Oral Radiology

The course teaches the fundamentals of x-ray generation physics, radiographic image production, and radiographic techniques. It also stresses the biological effects of radiation and radiation hygiene, and ways of protection from radiation.

Oral Surgery & Anaesthesia

This course provides the student with basic knowledge about oral and maxillofacial surgery as they relate to the general practitioner of dentistry. The course includes an overview of aseptic techniques, an introduction to surgical instruments, as well as principles of tooth extraction and minor oral surgery. The student is introduced to the surgical management of congenital and acquired abnormalities of the oral structures and associated parts.

Orthodontics

The course prepares the student to clinically manage patients with orthodontic problems by developing his skills in biomechanics and mechanic therapy with emphasis on the biological and technological principles of orthodontic tooth.

Pedodontics

The course prepares the student to provide comprehensive dental care to his paediatric patients in order to produce a more ideal oral structure. It also provides the dental student with experience in proper management, behavior modification and the ability to establish a positive attitude towards dental treatment in his young patients. More importantly, it aims at preparing a student who is able to provide proper oral health education and prevention to his paediatric patients and their parents.

Removable Prosthodontics

Removable Prosthodontics consists of a preclinical and clinical course. The preclinical and laboratory course provides the concepts of laboratory fabrication of complete and partial dentures.The clinical course introduces the student to the clinical application of skills acquired in the preclinical year. The course also presents more advanced techniques and treatment planning for advanced and complex removable prosthodontics needs as well as the principles of prosthodontics in implant dentistry.

Dental Materials

This course covers the chemical, physical and biological properties of dental materials as related to their applications in different branches of dentistry. Emphasis will be placed upon the types of materials available, their selection and manipulation, and the recognition of the effects of proper and improper manipulation on both the intermediate and the final products. The course also covers the properties of dental materials relative to clinical restorative and prosthetic dentistry. Emphasis is placed upon proper selection and manipulation of dental materials based on their properties and clinical performance.

Descriptive Dental Anatomy (Human Dentition)

This course is designed to provide the dental student with the necessary knowledge to identify the definitions of introductory dental terminology. The course also allows the student to recognize the functions of the human teeth. The student will be able to utilize the correct names and universal code numbers of each permanent and deciduous tooth. The course also provides the student with the general and specific features of permanent teeth.

Endodontics Technology

The course is concerned with study and exploration of the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periapical tissues. It presents advanced techniques and treatment planning for advanced and complex Endodontic needs.

Fixed Prosthodontics

Fixed Prosthodontics consists of a preclinical and clinical course. The preclinical course is concerned with the beginning to appreciate and the principles and techniques of tooth preparation for fixed prosthodontics. The clinical course introduces the student to the clinical application of skills acquired in the preclinical course. It also presents more advanced techniques and treatment planning for advanced and complex fixed prosthodontic needs as well as the principles of crown and bridge in implant dentistry.

Medical Sciences

i. General Anatomy:

This module is divided into four parts: 1) Osteology of the skull and the human body. 2) detailed anatomy of the head and neck and organs of the thorax and abdomen. 3) Angiology, the heart and the main arterial, venous and lymphatic vessels, and the circulatory pattern of the body are presented. Emphasis will be on the vasculature of the head and neck with clinical correlation. The major blood supply of the thorax and abdomen will be discussed. 4) Neurology, anatomy of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems will be discussed. Emphasis will be on cranial nerves and the autonomic enervation of the head and neck structures. Clinical correlation will be stressed.

ii. Human Physiology:

This module focuses on introducing the student to the basics of how the human body functions. Emphasis will be placed on understanding physiological principles. Each body system is reviewed with reference to function and its role in the balanced mechanisms that control homeostasis.

iii. Biochemistry:

This module is designed to give a general background in Medical Biochemistry with special emphasis on special topics relevant to dentistry and oral health care by:

· Enabling students to understand the essential topics of biochemistry including micro- & macromolecules of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleotides & nucleic acids and to be oriented with the biochemical importance of micronutrients as well as the structure and function of enzymes.

· Enabling students to describe the biological membrane, the role of free nucleotides and macromolecules involved in transmission of information from gene expression to the formation of the functioning proteins.

· Enabling students to point-out hereditary and acquired metabolic disturbances and their biochemical laboratory and clinical outcomes.

· Enabling students to be oriented with physico-chemical basis of biological systems and related clinical problems.

· Enabling students to point out the bioenergetics of metabolic pathways and their integrated regulations with other working metabolic pathways.

· Enabling students to describe major body fluids composition and to interpret medical laboratory reports.

iv. General Histology:

This module introduces the dental student to normal human cell and tissue structures. Lectures on general histology include the basic tissues of the body and special systemic tissues. The histology of various organ systems and the functional importance of these organs to the maintenance of general and oral health will be discussed.

v. Medical Microbiology:

The module enables the student to understand how micro-organiGMS live and infect humans, and how humans respond to these infections in order to preserve health. The first part of the course presents basic microbial structure, function and genetics and principles of chemotherapy and drug resistance. The second part presents mammalian host defences and the molecular basis of immunity. The third part presents the biologic and clinical bases of infectious diseases of all major organs including the oral cavity.

vi. Pharmacology:

Pharmacology course is divided into two phases. The first phase includes a thorough study of basic concepts and principles in pharmacology using mainly prototype drugs. Emphasis is placed on the mechanism of action of drugs, their medicinal uses and side effects. The second phase deals with clinical aspects of therapeutics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics for drugs acting on different organ systems considering drug interactions, indications and contra-indications

vii. General Pathology:

The course introduces students to the concepts of cell injury, the principles of inflammation and repair, fluid derangements, developmental disorders, genetic, environmental and nutritional diseases, common infectious diseases, neoplasia, and cardiac, pulmonary and renal disorders. Emphasis is placed on understanding how changes in the general health of patients may affect the oral and head and neck regions, and how this may relate to the clinical practice of dentistry.

viii. General Medicine:

The course is aimed at teaching the student the principles of internal medicine as they pertain to provision of dental care. It focuses on the aetiology, incidence and treatment of diseases including cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary diseases, gastro-intestinal diseases, haematology, diseases of the endocrine system, neurological diseases and oncology. There is also a course on skin and venereal diseases and their oral manifestations.

ix. General Surgery:

The course is designed to provide basic understanding of general surgery. It prepares the dental student to know how to deal with general problems such as shock, haemorrhage, infections (specific and non-specific), management of trauma, sepsis and asepsis, emergency care, in order to comprehend the oral surgery course later on in his study. Emphasis is being placed on wound healing, haemostasis, and wound infection. The course also includes Lectures on ophthalmology and ear, nose and throat surgery and the relationship between ear, nose and throat as well as ophthalmology to diseases of the oral cavity.

Operative Dentistry

Operative Dentistry consists of a preclinical and clinical course. The preclinical course provides students with basic principles about cavity preparation and restorative techniques for amalgam and resin composite restorations.The clinical course introduces the student to the clinical application of skills acquired in the preclinical year and presents more advanced techniques with emphasis placed on esthetic dentistry, contemporary procedures in operative dentistry and adhesives.