Medical Sciencesi. General Anatomy:
This module is divided into four parts: 1) Osteology of the skull and the human body. 2) detailed anatomy of the head and neck and organs of the thorax and abdomen. 3) Angiology, the heart and the main arterial, venous and lymphatic vessels, and the circulatory pattern of the body are presented. Emphasis will be on the vasculature of the head and neck with clinical correlation. The major blood supply of the thorax and abdomen will be discussed. 4) Neurology, anatomy of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems will be discussed. Emphasis will be on cranial nerves and the autonomic enervation of the head and neck structures. Clinical correlation will be stressed.
ii. Human Physiology:
This module focuses on introducing the student to the basics of how the human body functions. Emphasis will be placed on understanding physiological principles. Each body system is reviewed with reference to function and its role in the balanced mechanisms that control homeostasis.
This module is designed to give a general background in Medical Biochemistry with special emphasis on special topics relevant to dentistry and oral health care by:
· Enabling students to understand the essential topics of biochemistry including micro- & macromolecules of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleotides & nucleic acids and to be oriented with the biochemical importance of micronutrients as well as the structure and function of enzymes.
· Enabling students to describe the biological membrane, the role of free nucleotides and macromolecules involved in transmission of information from gene expression to the formation of the functioning proteins.
· Enabling students to point-out hereditary and acquired metabolic disturbances and their biochemical laboratory and clinical outcomes.
· Enabling students to be oriented with physico-chemical basis of biological systems and related clinical problems.
· Enabling students to point out the bioenergetics of metabolic pathways and their integrated regulations with other working metabolic pathways.
· Enabling students to describe major body fluids composition and to interpret medical laboratory reports.
iv. General Histology:
This module introduces the dental student to normal human cell and tissue structures. Lectures on general histology include the basic tissues of the body and special systemic tissues. The histology of various organ systems and the functional importance of these organs to the maintenance of general and oral health will be discussed.
v. Medical Microbiology:
The module enables the student to understand how micro-organiGMS live and infect humans, and how humans respond to these infections in order to preserve health. The first part of the course presents basic microbial structure, function and genetics and principles of chemotherapy and drug resistance. The second part presents mammalian host defences and the molecular basis of immunity. The third part presents the biologic and clinical bases of infectious diseases of all major organs including the oral cavity.
Pharmacology course is divided into two phases. The first phase includes a thorough study of basic concepts and principles in pharmacology using mainly prototype drugs. Emphasis is placed on the mechanism of action of drugs, their medicinal uses and side effects. The second phase deals with clinical aspects of therapeutics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics for drugs acting on different organ systems considering drug interactions, indications and contra-indications
vii. General Pathology:
The course introduces students to the concepts of cell injury, the principles of inflammation and repair, fluid derangements, developmental disorders, genetic, environmental and nutritional diseases, common infectious diseases, neoplasia, and cardiac, pulmonary and renal disorders. Emphasis is placed on understanding how changes in the general health of patients may affect the oral and head and neck regions, and how this may relate to the clinical practice of dentistry.
viii. General Medicine:
The course is aimed at teaching the student the principles of internal medicine as they pertain to provision of dental care. It focuses on the aetiology, incidence and treatment of diseases including cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary diseases, gastro-intestinal diseases, haematology, diseases of the endocrine system, neurological diseases and oncology. There is also a course on skin and venereal diseases and their oral manifestations.
ix. General Surgery:
The course is designed to provide basic understanding of general surgery. It prepares the dental student to know how to deal with general problems such as shock, haemorrhage, infections (specific and non-specific), management of trauma, sepsis and asepsis, emergency care, in order to comprehend the oral surgery course later on in his study. Emphasis is being placed on wound healing, haemostasis, and wound infection. The course also includes Lectures on ophthalmology and ear, nose and throat surgery and the relationship between ear, nose and throat as well as ophthalmology to diseases of the oral cavity.